Philodendron

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Location

Palm Garden / Walkways

Philodendron

Philodendron subincisum​

  • Common Name: Philodendron
  • Scientific Name: Philodendron subincisum​
  • ​​​​Family Name: Araceae
  • Origin: Mexico
  • Height: 30’ – 40’
  • Width: 8’ – 10’
  • Growth: Fast growing vine
  • Zone: 10B - 11
  • Light Needs: Sun – Partial shade
  • Salt Tolerance:  unknown
  • Soil/PH/Texture: strongly acidic – acidic (pH 5.1 – 6.0)
  • Soil Moisture: average - high water needs and well-draining soil
  • Drought Tolerance: moderate
  • Pests/Diseases: resistant to most pests and diseases
  • Growing Conditions: easy to grow and low maintenance besides pruning to control it spreading in unwanted areas.
  • Characteristics: grown for its foliage, their large leaves are blue green, can get 2’ to 3’ long and 2’ wide with large hastate leaves on green petioles. They produce an inflorescence known as a spathe and spadix, the spathe is not a flower, it is a specially modified leaf with a hood with the purpose of protecting the spadix at the center. In the center of the inflorescence there can be found very tiny green/red or white flowers and when it is ready to reproduce, the spadix produces male, female and sterile flowers which if pollinated by an appropriate insect, normally a beetle, will produce berries containing seeds.
  • Propagation: by stem cuttings or air layering
  • Wildlife: unknown
  • Facts: Because this plant contains calcium oxalate crystals, all parts of this plant are poisonous if ingested and it can cause skin irritation or allergic reaction when handling without gloves.
  • Designer Considerations: use to make a statement in any tropical garden or greenhouse and could be used as a large houseplant or as a container plant on your patio or deck.