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Frangipani

Plumeria spp.

  • Common Name: Frangipani
  • Scientific Name: Plumeria spp.
  • Family Name: Apocynaceae
  • Origin: American Tropics
  • Height: 20’ - 25’
  • Width: 20’ – 25’
  • Growth: Slow   
  • Zone: 10A - 11
  • Light Needs: Best in full sun, but can take partial shade.
  • Salt Tolerance:  Fairly salt tolerant and aerosol salt tolerance is moderate .
  • Soil/PH/Texture: Likes clay, sand, or loamy soil, likes mildly acidic soil (pH 6.1 – 6.5).
  • Soil Moisture: Average water needs, well – drained soil or it could get root rot.
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Pests/Diseases: Resistant to most pests and diseases so not of major concern. It can occasionally get scales, frangipani caterpillar, nematodes. Watch for rust disease, a yellow coating on the undersides of the leaves, but you can spray with fungicide and it does no permanent harm to the tree since it drops its leaves every winter.
  • Growing Conditions: Very low maintenance and not too picky, easy to grow.
  • Characteristics: The 12” - 18” long oval green leaves of this deciduous tropical tree cluster only at the tips of its thick sausage-like branches. Its pinwheel-shaped and fragrant blooms come in many colors, white, pale pink, pink, red, pale yellow, bronze and variegated. They will bloom in June – November and lose their leaves in the winter. It has elongated fruit that are 6” – 12” but they do not attract wildlife.
  • Propagation: By stem cuttings, the trick is to let the milky sap skin over and plant the following day.
  • Wildlife: Attracts butterflies, bees and birds.
  • Facts: Hawaiian leis are made from their fragrant blooms. Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested. This is a succulent plant, with stems full of a milky sap so it does not do well in cold weather.
  • Designer Considerations: Used as a specimen plant for a yard, sidewalk cutout, container or planter, backdrop plant for smaller shrubs and flowers, accent for the corner of a house, circular driveways, and parking lot islands but can look strange in the winter months by itself because it is deciduous, and loses its leaves for a few months.​

Frangipani

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